Germany’s Energiewende – Transformation by Government Policy or Utility Business Imperatives?

By Bob Shively, Enerdynamics President and Lead Instructor

Throughout most of the world, Germany is known for its business-oriented practicalitygermany and adherence to fiscally conservative policies. Germany’s leader, Angela Merkel, is dubbed throughout Europe as Germany’s “Iron Lady” or Mrs. Nein for her refusal to grant easy money to failing southern European economies.

Yet Germany’s “Energiewende” energy policy is based on renewables, energy efficiency, and energy democratization[1]. Has Germany foolishly gone soft, or is the country cleverly positioning itself as the future leader of the next energy transformation?

Both viewpoints are well documented and can be found with a quick web search. According to a recent article in Economist magazine, “It is hard to think of a messier and more wasteful way of shifting from fossil and nuclear fuel to renewable energy than the one Germany has blundered into[2].”

Yet, the article goes on to say, “But that does not mean the entire enterprise will fail.”

As has been noted by many, including Bill Gates, energy transitions take a long time. A recent analysis by Robert Wilson, a PhD student in mathematical ecology, suggests that renewable growth in Germany is slightly faster than initial growth rates of the past German transition to nuclear power but significantly slower than the earlier transition to natural gas. So it could be that supporters of renewable energy are expecting too much too soon, while opponents are happy to tout the inevitable bumps in the road.

The recent actions of a major German utility, RWE, suggest that something is afoot. RWE, long a master of building large-scale central power plants, has begun a move to refashion itself as a “capital light” network company focused on being a project enabler, plant operator, and system integrator of renewables[3].

In a recent webinar, an analyst from Platts commented that the only reason RWE would do this is because their stock price is so low, and has been that way for so long, that they can’t see any other way to move forward. So while it is clear that governmental policy such as Energiewende influence energy transformations, the speed of transformations may be significantly impacted by utility business imperatives.


[1] For a somewhat whimsical view of the “soft” side of Energie Wende” see the independent movie Welcome to the Energiewende at

[2] See

[3] See articles at, and

About Enerdynamics

Enerdynamics was formed in 1995 to meet the growing demand for timely, dynamic and effective business training in the gas and electric industries. Our comprehensive education programs are focused on teaching you and your employees the business of energy. And because we have a firm grasp of what's happening in our industry on both a national and international scale, we can help you make sense of a world that often makes no sense at all.
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